«BULLETIN OF THE IRKUTSK STATE UNIVERSITY. GEOARCHAEOLOGY, ETHNOLOGY, AND ANTHROPOLOGY SERIES»
ISSN 2227-2380 (Print)

List of issues > «Geoarchaeology, Ethnology, and Anthropology Series». 2017. Vol. 22

Lithic Industry of Mamony 2 Site in the Context of Late Karga (MIS 3) – Early Sartan (MIS 2) Material Complexes of Irkutsk

Author(s)
S. A. Kogai, E. O. Rogovskoi
Abstract
The paper deals with materials of the Upper Paleolithic site Mamony II situated at the north-east of Irkutsk near eponymous village. The site was found in 1995 and excavated in 2011–2012. Cultural remains were found in 2 horizons. The lower, 2nd horizon was recorded in solifluctional loess of layer 4 with radiocarbon age dated 40–30 ka BP (second part of MIS 3). Lithic collection consists of 2318 artifacts made of quartzite, chert, effusive rock, quartz and argillite. There were two strategies of primary knapping. The first core reduction was aimed at flake blanks with exploitation of flat unidirectional reduction system, the second – at flake blanks also using radial system. General types of tools are side-scrapers, end-scrapers, pièce écaillée, thorned tools, rare burins, choppers and retouched blades. The upper, 1st horizon of cultural remains was recorded in loess loams of layer 3 with supposed age 21–18 ka BP (first part of MIS 2). Lithic collection consists of 425 artifacts made of the same raw materials that were used in the industry of the 2nd horizon. The sparse collection doesn’t contain any specific features for characterizing of its habitus rare tools are presented by end-scrapers, burins and retouched flakes and blades. The lithic industry of the 2nd horizon correlates with such nearest synchronous assemblages as Gerasimova 1 (horizon 2), Spartak 1 and Shchapova 1. The unified chronometry, technical-typological characteristics and presence of non-utilitarian ornamented items allow us to single out the local industrial group named after the most informative complex of Mamony group. The lithic collection of the 1st horizon yields little information for correlation. We can notice that materials of the 1st horizon have several synchronous neighbors – Gerasimova 1 (horizon 1), Shchapova 2, New Angara Bridge (horizon 4) but their collection also sparse and can’t be correlated. Perhaps, the future excavations will allow us to better imagine the nature of the material culture of the middle stages of the Upper Paleolithic in the region.
Keywords
Baikal Siberia, Irkutsk, Upper Paleolithic, Karga interstadial, Sartan glaciation, lithic industry, Mamony industrial group
UDC
903(571.53)
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