Key Aspects of Historical and Cultural Procedures in Southern Part of Middle Siberia during the Neolithic (Based on Pottery Complexes)
The south of Middle Siberia favored by special geographical position as well as landscape and climate's situation, formed a particular agglomerate of cultural communities in the Neolithic. Its traces are clearly followed in funeral and site complexes. By analyzing burial grounds several funeral traditions were identified: those of Kitoi (and close to this area), Isakovo, Serovo (and late Serovo) and the Archaic group. Based on the studies of multilayer sites, there are five pottery «layers» (plasty). Their characteristics are examined in a very detailed way. With the help of the morphological studies it is proposed to identify two types of Neolithic pottery in the pottery stratum with the netimpressed. The Isakovo net-impressed pottery is typologically different from one of the Early Neolithic. The dotted and pectinated layer includes two types of pottery: pottery with dots, crests and pothole indentations (finds localized in Priangariye) and vessels of Serovo culture. Other pottery layer include: two cord-impressed types – Khaita, Posol’sk and Ust’- Belaia type. It was identified one type that is closed to Ust’-Belaia type with the netimpressed types called Aplinsk pottery. Most ancient pottery of the region (judging by radiocarbon analysis) is the net-impressed and Khaita pottery of the Early Neolithic (7800–5500 BP). In the Middle Neolithic in southern part of Middle Siberia the Posol’sk (6900–4100 BP) and Ust’-Belaia (6600–4100 BP) pottery types are spread. The dotted pottery as well as the Serovo and Isakovo cultury pottery is dated between 5200–4300 BP. The Aplinsk pottery dating is to be determined.