ISSN 2227-2380 (Print)

List of issues > «Geoarchaeology, Ethnology, and Anthropology Series». 2016. Vol. 16

Methodological Aspects of Angular Morphometry of Skulls on the Example of the Cambodia Khmer

R. M. Galeev, S. V. Vasiliev

Angular morphometry of the skull is one of the most available and functional methods to describe the shape of the neurocranium and facial skeleton of the skull. In this work, for example, the skulls of the Khmer from Cambodia shows how the method works. Most of skull comes from the province of Kompong and are related to the 19th century. The second part of the series is dated – 1920. These skulls are collected after the French suppression of the local uprising. Some of them show traces of Napalm. The main problems and questions are related to the trigonometric form os the description neurocranium. It's given the basic methodological techniques to study angular morphometry. For example of the skulls of the Khmer was shown the important role of the four triangles with vertices in the sagittal plane whose base is the maximum width of the neurocranium (au-au), for dividing craniological analysis. It was analyzed the various forms of rhombus frontal plane b-au(pr.l)-ba. The studied group was divided into two parts: 1) skull with increased ear height 2) skull with strongly sunken base of the neurocranium. The article shows the work of the Central angles in the sagittal plane at the division of the group.

the Khmer of Cambodia, craniology, angular morphometry of the skull, cranial trigonometry

Benevolenskaya Yu. D. Problemy etnicheskoi kraniologii [The problem of ethnic craniology]. Leningrad, Nauka Publ., 1976, 156 p. (in Russ.)

Bunak V. V. Cherep cheloveka i stadii ego formirovaniya u iskopaemykh lyudei i sovremennykh ras [The human skull and the stage of its formation in fossil humans and modern races]. Moscow, AS USSR Publ.,1959, 284 p. (Trudy Instituta etnografii AN SSSR [Proceedings of the Institute of Ethnography of AS USSR. Vol. 59]). (in Russ.)

Bunak V. V. Litsevoi skelet i faktory, opredelyayushchie variatsii ego stroeniya [The facial skeleton and the factors of determining of the variations of its structure]. Antropologicheskii sbornik [Anthropological collection]. Moscow, AS USSR Publ., 1960, Is. 2, pp. 84–152. (Trudy Instituta etnografii AN SSSR [Proceedings of the Institute of Ethnography of AS USSR. Vol. 60]). (in Russ.)

Vasiliev S. V. Trigonometriya litsevogo skeleta iskopaemykh gominid [The trigonometry of the facial skeleton of fossil hominids]. Vestnik antropologii [Journal of anthropology]. 1996, Is. 2, pp. 227–245. (in Russ.)

Vasiliev S. V. Trigonometriya mozgovoi korobki iskopaemykh gominid [Trigonometry medullary box of fossil hominids]. Novye metody – novye podkhody v sovremennoi antropologii [New methods – new approaches in modern anthropology]. Moscow, 1997, pp. 68–81. (in Russ.)

Gokhman I. I. Novaya metodika vychisleniya srednikh konturov kraniologicheskikh serii [A new method of calculating of the average contours of the cranial series]. Sovetskaya etnografiya [Soviet Ethnography]. 1962, Is. 2, pp. 125–130. (in Russ.)

Pinchukova I. M. Opyt issledovaniya kraniologicheskikh serii metodom kraniotrigonometrii [The first effort of research of craniology series of the method of craniotrygonometry]. Voprosy antropologii [Questions of anthropology]. 1982, Is. 70, pp. 108–120. (in Russ.)

Uryson M. I. Sootnositelnaya izmenchivost komponentov sagittalnogo svoda cherepa u sovremennogo i iskopaemogo cheloveka [Correlative variability of the components of the sagittal cranial vault in modern and fossil man]. Voprosy antropologii [Questions of anthro-pology]. 1970, Is. 34, pp. 76–85. (in Russ.)

Uryson M. I. Izmenchivost i proportsii komponentov sagittalnogo svoda cherepa u sovremennogo i iskopaemogo cheloveka [The variability and proportions of the components of the sagittal cranial vault in modern and fossil man]. Noveishaya tektonika, noveishie otlozheniya i chelovek [Neotectonics, new deposits and man]. Moscow, Nauka Publ., 1972, Vol. 3, pp. 187–199. (in Russ.)

Chistov Yu. K. Voprosy izmenchivosti medianno-sagittalnogo kontura cherepa cheloveka v protsesse antropogeneza [The questions of variability of the median-sagittal contour of the human skull in the process of anthropogenesis]. Sovremennye problemy i novye metody v antropologii [Modern problems and new methods in anthropology]. Leningrad, Nauka Publ., 1980, pp. 139–162. (in Russ.)

Aiello L., Dean C. Human evolutiunary anatomy. London, 1990, 608 p.

Fritot H. R. Craneotrigonometria. La Habana, 1964, 198 p. (in German)

Imbelloni J. Introduccion a Nuevos Estudios de Craneotrigonometria. Anales del Musco Nacional de Historia Natural de Buenos Aires. 1921, T. XXXI, pp. 31–94. (in Spanish)

Klaatsch H. Kraniomorphologie und Kraniotrigonometrie. Arch. Anthropol. 1909, T. 8, pp. 34–49. (in German)

Lissauer A. Untersuchungen uber die sagittale Krummung des Ichades bei den Anthropoiden und den verschiedenen Menschenrassen. Arch. Anthropol. 1885, Vol. 15, pp. 9–120. (in German)

Pope G. G. Evolution of the zygomaticomaxillary region in the genus Homo and its relevance to the origin of modern humans. J. Human Evolution. 1991, Vol. 21, pp. 189–213.

Sollas W. J. The sagittal section of the human skull. Journal of the Royal Anthropological Instilute. 1933, Vol. 63, pp. 389–431.

Topinard P. Elements D’Anthropologie Generale. Paris, 1885, 234 p. (in French)

Topinard P. Anthropologia. Historia Natural. Barcelona, 1894, Vol. 1, pp. 208–225. (in Spanish)

Full text (russian)