«BULLETIN OF THE IRKUTSK STATE UNIVERSITY. GEOARCHAEOLOGY, ETHNOLOGY, AND ANTHROPOLOGY SERIES»
ISSN 2227-2380 (Print)

List of issues > «Geoarchaeology, Ethnology, and Anthropology Series». 2017. Vol. 20

Results of Physical and Chemical Investigations of the Neolithic Pottery from Amurzet Site and the Settlements Kazakevichevo and Sheremetievo I (Amur Region)

Author(s)
V. E. Medvedev, I. V. Filatova
Abstract
The article presents the results of physical and chemical studies of the Neolithic pottery of the Amurzet site, Kazakevichevo and Sheremetievo I settlements. The upper layer of Amurzet site is a burial of Late Iron Age – Middle Age, the lower layer is a Stone Age settlement. The Neolithic settlement Amurzet can be characterized by evident signs of syncretism it fills in a regional gap at the junction of several cultural traditions of early Middle Neolithic. Two problems of Neolithic archeology of the South of the Far East are connected with the pottery of this site: 1) a sort of “hybridization”, i.e. the mixture of features within a single pottery complex and, accordingly, the allocation of “transit sites” and “transit zones” where contacts could occur 2) the allocation of new cultural-chronological complexes or types. The purpose of this investigation is to study this pottery complex by using various methods, including natural sciences, and to compare it with synchronous archaeological materials from adjacent territories in order to reveal signs of similarity or differences. The main task is to present the results of physical and chemical analyzes of the Neolithic pottery of the Amurzet site and the Kazakevichevo and Sheremetievo I settlements. The use of the natural sciences in the investigations of the pottery traditions is topical in modern archeology. The novelty is determined by the fact that the physicochemical methods for the first time are applied to the pottery of these sites. The collection of pottery from these sites consists of 396 examples, 15 fragments from different parts of the vessels were examined by the methods of thermogravimetry and X-ray diffractometry. The obtained results revealed the signs of similarity in the traditions of the pottery production of “transit” sites (Amurzet site and Kazakevichevo and Sheremetievo I settlements) of adjacent territories of the Jewish Autonomous Region and Khabarovsk Region: the use of local ferruginous clays, similar in their mineral composition the presence of quartz as the basis of the mineral pottery composition, as well as the presence of feldspars (plagioclase and orthoclase) in it in some cases – the use of sand as a mineral additive (which includes products of destruction of rocks of volcanic origin: quartz, plagioclase and orthoclase) and organic inclusions (plant residues) short-term firing at a rather low firing temperature (within 600°C).
Keywords
Far East, Neolithic, pottery, physical and chemical studies, radiography, thermogravimetry
UDC
УДК 903.023(571.620/571.621)«634»
References

Drebushchak V. A., Mylnikova L. N., Drebushchak T. N., Boldyrev V. V. The Investigation of Ancient Pottery: Application of Thermal analysis. Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry. 2005, Vol. 82, Is 3, pp. 617–626.

Drebushchak V. A., Mylnikova L. N., Drebushchak T. A, Boldyrev V. V., Molodin V. I., Derevyanko E. I., Mylnikov V. P., Nartova A. V. Fiziko-khimicheskoe issledovanie keramiki (na primere izdeliy perekhodnogo vremeni ot bronzovogo k zheleznomu veku) [Physico-chemical study of ceramics (on the example of artifacts of transition time from Bronze to the Iron Age)]. Integratsionnye proekty SO RAN [Integration projects of SB RAS]. Novosibirsk, SB RAS, 2006, Vol. 6, 98 p. (In Russ.)

Gosudarstvennaya geologicheskaya karta Rossiyskoi Federatsii. Mashtab 1:1 000 000 (tretye pokolenie). Seriya Dalnevestochnaya. List (L-(52), 53 (K-52, 53) – ozero Hanka. Obyasnitelnaya zapiska [State Geological Map of the Russian Federation. Scale 1:1 000 000 (third generation). A series of Far Eastern. Sheet (L- (52), 53 (K-52, 53) – Lake Khanka. Explanatory note]. St. Peterburg, VSEGEI, 2011, 684 p. (In Russ.)

Gosudarstvennaya geologicheskaya karta Rossiyskoy Federatsii. Mashtab 1:1 000 000 (tretye pokolenie). Seriya Dalnevestochnaya. List M-53 – Khabarovsk. Obyasnitelnaya zapiska [State Geological Map of the Russian Federation. Scale 1:1 000 000 (third generation). A series of Far Eastern. Sheet M-53 – Khabarovsk. Explanatory note]. St. Peterburg, VSEGEI, 2009, 376 p. (In Russ.)

Klyuev N. A., Garkovik A. V. Novye dannye o neolite Primoriya (po materialam issledovanii 2000-x godov) [New data on the Neolithic of Primorye (based on research of 2000s)]. Neolit i neolitizatsiya basseina Yaponskogo morya: Chelovek i istoricheskii landshaft [Neolithic and Neolithization of the Japan Sea basin: human and a historical landscape]. Vladivostok, 2008, pp. 85–97. (In Russ.)

Lynsha V. A., Tarasenko V. N. Problemy arkheologicheskoi tipologii i vydeleniya kultur v Primoriye v svete noveyshikh issledovanii v doline r. Iman (Krasnoarmeyskii raion) [The problems of archaeological typology and the definition of cultures in Primorye in the light of the latest research in the Iman river valley (Krasnoarmeisk district)]. Pervobytnaya arkheologiya Dalnego Vostoka Rossii i smezhnykh territorii Vostochnoi Asii: sovremennoe sostoyaniye i perspektivy rasvitiya: Materialy regionalnoi nauchnoi konferentsii. Vladivostok, 18–20 noyabrya 2013 goda. [Prehistoric archaeology of the Far East of Russia and adjacent areas of East Asia: current status and prospects of development]. Vladivostok, 2015, pp. 33–62. (In Russ.)

Maggetti M., Neururer Ch., Ramseyer D. Temperature evolution inside a pot during experimental surface (bonfire) firing. Applied Clay Science. 2011, Vol. 53, P. 500–508.

Maggetti M. Phase Analysis and its Significance for Technology and Origin Archaeological Ceramics. Franklin, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, 1982, pp. 121–133.

Maggetti M. Chemical Analyses of Ancient Ceramics: What for? Art and Chemical Sciences. Chimia. 2001, Vol. 55, Is. 11, pp. 923–930.

Medvedev V. E. Dvusloinyi pamyatnik Amurzet i nekotorye voprosy arkheologii Priamuriya [Two-layered site Amurzet and some questions of Archaeology of the Amur Region]. Kulturnaya khronologiya i drugie problemy v issledovaniyakh drevnostei vostoka Asii [Cultural chronology and other problems in the East Asian antiquities studies]. Khabarovsk, 2009, pp. 199–228. (In Russ.)

Medvedev V. E. Neoliticheskii kompleks pamyatnika Amurzet (Evreyskaya avtonomnaya oblasty) [Neolithic complex of the monument Amurzet (Jewish Autonomous Region)]. Problemy arkheologii, etnografii, antropologii Sibiri i sopredelnykh territoriy [Problems of Archaeology, Ethnography, Anthropology of Siberia and Neighboring Territories]. Novosibirsk, 2009, Vol. 15, pp. 164–169. (In Russ.)

Medvedev V. E., Filatova I. V. Materialy rannego neolita pamyatnika Petropavlovka-Ostrov [Materials of the Early Neolithic monument Petropavlovka-Ostrov]. Problemy arkheologii, etnografii, antropologii Sibiri i sopredelnykh territoriy [Problems of Archaeology, Ethnography, Anthropology of Siberia and Neighboring Territories]. Novosibirsk, 2014, Vol. 20, pp. 60–64. (In Russ.)

Medvedev V. E., Filatova I. V. Sovremennyi vzglyad na neoliticheskie kompleksy s poseleniya u sela Kazakevichevo (po materialam issledovanii 1959–1960 godov) [A modern view on the Neolithic complexes from the settlements near the village Kazakevichevo (based on the studies 1959–1960).]. Problemy arkheologii, etnografii, antropologii Sibiri i sopredelnykh territoriy [Problems of Archaeology, Ethnography, Anthropology of Siberia and Neighboring Territories]. Novosibirsk, 2015, Vol. 21, pp. 107–111. (In Russ.)

Medvedev V. E., Filatova I. V. Neoliticheskie kompleksy u sela Sheremetyevo (po materialam issledovanii 1958–1959 godov) [Neolithic complexes near the village Sheremetievo (based on research 1958–1959).]. Problemy arkheologii, etnografii, antropologii Sibiri i sopredel’nykh territoriy [Problems of Archaeology, Ethnography, Anthropology of Siberia and Neighboring Territories]. Novosibirsk, 2016a, Vol. 22, pp. 118–121. (In Russ.)

Medvedev V. E., Filatova I. V. Predvaritelnye rezultaty termogravimetricheskogo analiza nizhneamurskoi neoliticheskoi keramiki (po materialam malyshevskoi, kondonskoi kultur) [Preliminary Results of the Thermogravimetric Analysis of Lower Amur Neolithic Pottery (Based on the Materials of Malyshevo and Kondon Cultures)]. Izvestiya Irkutskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. Seriya. Geoarkheologiya. Etnologiya. Antropologiya [The Bulletin of Irkutsk State University. Series Geoarchaeology. Ethnology. Anthropology]. 2016b. Vol. 17, pp. 38–54. (In Russ.)

Medvedev V. E., Filatova I. V. Fiziko-khimicheskoe issledovanie neoliticheskoi keramiki (Nizhnee Priamuriye, poselenie Suchu, raskop I, 1973 god) [Physico-Chemical Study of Neolithic Pottery (Lower Amur Region, Suchu Settlement, Excavation Trench I, 1973)]. Izvestiya Irkutskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. Seriya. Geoarkheologiya. Etnologiya. Antropologiya [The Bulletin of Irkutsk State University. Series: Geoarchaeology. Ethnology. Anthropology]. 2016b, Vol. 18, pp. 73–89. (In Russ.)

Moreva O. L., Batarshev S. V., Popov A. N. Keramicheskii kompleks epokhi neolita s mnogosloinogo pamyatnika Vetka-2 (Primoriye) [Ceramic complex of the Neolithic from the multilayered monument Vetka-2 (Primorye)]. Neolit i neolitizatsiya basseina Yaponskogo morya. Chelovek i istoricheskii landshaft: [Neolithic and Neolithization of the Japan Sea basin: human and a historical landscape.]. Vladivostok, 2008, pp. 131–160. (In Russ.)

Moreva O. L., Batarshev S. V. Kulturnye kontakty v neolite Primoriya i Priamuriya (po rezultatam issledovaniya keramiki) [Cultural contacts in the Neolithic of Primorye and the Amur Region (based on pottery studies)]. Kulturnaya khronologiya i drugie problemy v issledovaniyakh drevnostey vostoka Asii [Cultural chronology and other problems in the East Asian antiquities studies]. Khabarovsk, 2009a, pp. 147–152. (In Russ.)

Shevkomud I. Ya. Koppinskaya kultura i problema perekhoda ot neolita k paleometallu v Nizhnem Priamuriye [Coppino culture and the problem of the transition from the Neolithic to the Paleometal in the Lower Amur Region]. Stoletie velikogo APE (K yubileyu akademika Alekseya Pavlovicha Okladnikova) [The centenary of the “Great APE” (on the anniversary of Academician Aleksei Pavlovich Okladnikov)]. Vladivostok, 2008, pp.157–181. (In Russ.)

Zhushchikhovskaya I. S. Arkheologicheskaya keramika kak indicator migratsii na yuge Dalnego Vostoka [Archaeological ceramics as an indicator of migrations in the south of the Far East]. Problemy arkheologii i paleoekologii Severno Vostochnoi i Tsentralnoi Asii: Materialy mezhdunarodnoi. konferentsii “Iz veka v vek”, posvyashchennoi 95-letiyu so dnya rozhdeniya akademika A. P. Okladnikova i 50-letiyu Dalnevostochnoi arkheologicheskoi ekspedizii RAN. Vladivostok, 11–25 sentyabrya 2003 goda [Problems of archaeology and paleoecology of Northern, Eastern and Central Asia: proceedings of the international conference "From century to century"]. Novosibirsk, 2003, pp. 125–127. (In Russ.)


Full text (russian)