«BULLETIN OF THE IRKUTSK STATE UNIVERSITY. GEOARCHAEOLOGY, ETHNOLOGY, AND ANTHROPOLOGY SERIES»
ISSN 2227-2380 (Print)

List of issues > «Geoarchaeology, Ethnology, and Anthropology Series». 2017. Vol. 19

Bromme and Ahrensburg Cultures: Review of Materials

Author(s)
A. N. Sorokin
Abstract
In this article, an overview of the materials of two well-known West European Final Paleolithic cultures Bromme (Lyngby) and Ahrensburg is presented. In the Russian literature they are considered as the basis for the addition of Mesolithic cultures of the Volga-Oka basin. The study shows that Eastern European materials are not derivatives by their mean. They should be considered as full Bromme (Lyngby) and Ahrensburg cultural complexes. The lifestyle of the population of the Europe circumpolar zone in the Pleistocene finale depended to a large extent on the characteristics of the ecology and ethology of the most important commercial species. This ultimately led to the spread of the population of the same cultures in the vast expanses of periglacial Europe. The behavior of specialized paleopopulations in the Pleistocene final in the circumpolar zone was determined by the ethology of the main commercial species – reindeer, so the traces of this symbiosis could not be local and become enclosed by the area of one marsh, lake and even such important water basins as Upper Volga or Volgo-Oka interfluve. Ultimately, this affected the specificity of the monuments and archaeological cultures of the "Reindeer Century". That is why the use of the terms "Eastern Lyngby", "Eastern Ahrensburg", "Eastern Post-Lyngby", " Eastern Post-Ahrensburg", etc. does not allow us to determine the degree of similarity between Western European and East European collections and erases their real differences. The materials of the monuments remote from each other will always inevitably differ from each other even if they have been left by same groups of the population, especially such mobile ones as "the persecutors of deer herds". The difference of the parameters of the artifacts is inevitable and is determined by two circumstances: 1) the impossibility of their real standardization in the conditions of manual production 2) regional differences in stone raw materials. This makes it impossible to make things the same and blindly apply the same technologies, especially when it comes to regions rich and poor in resource. The ecological, economic and ethological components of human behavior and, as a derivative, the archaeological cultures of the Final Paleolithic give grounds to speak about the presence of monuments of Bromme (Lyngby) and Ahrensburg cultures in the west and in the east of the European wilderness lowlands.
Keywords
Pleistocene, Holocene, Final Paleolithic, Bromme (Lyngby), Ahrensburg, reindeer, adaptation
UDC
903'12(4)
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