«BULLETIN OF THE IRKUTSK STATE UNIVERSITY. GEOARCHAEOLOGY, ETHNOLOGY, AND ANTHROPOLOGY SERIES»
ISSN 2227-2380 (Print)

List of issues > «Geoarchaeology, Ethnology, and Anthropology Series». 2016. Vol. 17

A New Stratified Site of the Early Neolithic on the West Coast of Lake Baikal: the Kharakta 1 Settlement

Author(s)
O. I. Goriunova, G. V. Turkin, A. G. Novikov, A. M. Klementiev
Abstract
Excavations at the new archaeological site of Kharakta 1, located on the west coast of Lake Baikal, revealed two stratigraphically distinct cultural layers. The lower Layer (№ II) is dated to the Neolithic. This layer included an assemblage of domestic artifacts such as faunal remains (predominantly of the Baikal seal), fragments of net-impressed pottery, and artifacts made from bone and stone. Age determinations for this layer were based on an analysis of the geological sediments, as well as comparisons of morphological features from artifacts found at this site with analogous objects from well-studied complexes throughout the Baikal region that have been radiocarbon dated. As a result of this analysis, Layer II from the Kharakta 1 settlement can be associated with settlements and graves dating to the Early Neolithic within the range of 7200–5900 BP (8200–6500 cal BP). These materials considerably expand our understanding of the early period of the Neolithic in Central Siberia. The topographic situation of this site (far from the shore of the lake) is particularly unique for the Baikal’s Early Neolithic, and opens up new perspectives and potentials for future attempts to locate Neolithic sites.
Keywords
Baikal, archaeological site, settlement, stratigraphy, Early Neolithic, spatial distribution, ceramic vessels, faunal remains, dating
UDC
903(571.53)«634»
References

Bazaliiskii V. I. Pogrebalnye kompleksy epokhi pozdnego mezolita – neolita Baikalskoi Sibiri: traditsii pogrebenii, absolyutnyi vozrast [Burial complexes of the late Mesolithic – Neolithic of Baikal Siberia: tradition of burials, the absolute age]. Izvestiya Laboratorii drevnikh tekhnologii [Reports of Laboratory of ancient technologies]. Irkutsk, 2012, Is. 9, pp. 43–101. (in Russ.)

Bazaliiskii V. I., Livers A. P., Khaverkort K. M., Pezhemskii D. V., Tyutrin A. A., Turkin G. V., Weber A. W. Ranneneoliticheskii kompleks pogrebenii mogilnika Shamanka II (po materialam raskopok 1998–2003 gg.) [Early Neolithic burial complex Shamanka II (based on the excavation 1998–2003.)]. Izvestiya Laboratorii drevnikh tekhnologii [Reports of Laboratory of ancient technologies]. Irkutsk, 2006, Is. 4, pp. 80–103. (in Russ.)

Berdnikov I. M. Klyuchevye aspekty istoriko-kulturnykh protsessov na yuge Srednei Sibiri v epokhu neolita (po materialam keramicheskikh kompleksov) [Key aspects of historical and cultural procedures in South of Middle Siberia during the Neolithic period (based on pottery complexes)]. Izvestiya Irkutskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta, Seriya Geoarkheologiya. Etnologiya. Antropologiya [The Bulletin of the Irkutsk State University. Series Geoarhaeology. Ethnology. Anthropology]. 2013, Vol. 1 (2), pp. 203–229. (in Russ.)

Goriunova O. I., Novikov A. G. Neoliticheskaya keramika iz poselenii Priolkhoniya (ozero Baikal): voprosy periodizatsii i datirovki [Neolithic pottery from settlements of the Olkhon Region (Lake Baikal). Issues of periodization and dating]. Drevnie kultury Severnogo Kitaya, Mongolii i Baikalskoi Sibiri [Ancient cultures of Northern China, Mongolia and Baikal Siberia]. Khukh-Khoto, 2015, Vol. 1, pp. 42–48. (in Russ.)

Goriunova O. I., Novikov A. G., Weber A. W. Keramika rannego neolita Pribaikaliya (po materialam mnogosloinogo poseleniya Sagan-Zaba II) [Early Neolithic ceramics of the Cis-Baikal region (based on materials of multilayer settlement Sagan-Zaba II)]. Trudy III (XIX) Vserossiiskogo arkheologicheskogo siezda [Proceedings of the III (XIX) All-Russian Archaeological Congress]. St. Petersburg, Moscow, Novgorod the Great, IHMK RAS Publ., 2011, Vol. 1, pp. 125–127. (in Russ.)

Goriunova O. I., Novikov A. G., Weber A. W. Ranneneoliticheskii kompleks 5 nizhnego kulturnogo sloya poseleniya Sagan-Zaba II na Baikale: planigrafiya i datirovka [Early Neolithic complex of 5 (lower) cultural layer of settlement Sagan-Zaba II on Lake Baikal: planigraphy and dating]. Izvestiya Irkutskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. Seriya Geoarkheologiya. Etnologiya. Antropologiya [The Bulletin of the Irkutsk State University. Series Geoarhaeology. Ethnology. Anthropology]. 2014, Vol. 8, pp. 45–62. (in Russ.)

Goriunova O. I., Nomokonova T. Yu., Lozei R. J., Novikov A. G., Weber A. W. Radiouglerodnoe datirovanie neoliticheskikh kompleksov Priolhoniya (po materialam mnogosloinogo poseleniya Sagan-Zaba II) [Radiocarbon dating of the Neolithic complexes of the Olkhon Region (based on materials of the multilayer settlement Sagan-Zaba II)]. Trudy IV (XX) Vserossiiskogo arkheologicheskogo siezda [Proceedings of the IV (XX) All-Russian Archaeological Congress]. Kazan, Otechestvo Publ., 2014, Vol. 1, pp. 237–240. (in Russ.)

Goriunova O. I., Ovodov N. D., Novikov A. G. Analiz faunisticheskikh materialov s mnogosloinogo poseleniya Tyshkine III (oz. Baikal) [Analysis of faunal materials from multilayered settlement Tyshkine III (Lake Baikal)]. Severnaya Evraziya v antropogene: chelovek, paleotekhnologii, geoekologiya, etnologiya i antropologiya [Northern Eurasia in Anthropogen: man, paleotehnology, geoecology, ethnology and anthropology]. Irkutsk, Ottisk Publ., 2007, Vol. 1, pp. 168–174. (in Russ.)

Korshunov E. O. Mnogosloinaya stoyanka Pad Dolgaya II na yuzhnom Baikale [A multilayered site Pad Dolgaya II in the South Baikal]. Istoki, formirovanie i razvitie evraziiskoi polikulturnosti. Kultury i obshchestva Severnoi Azii v istoricheskom proshlom i sovremennosti [The origins, formation and development of the Eurasian polycultures. Culture and society of Northern Asia in historical past and modernity]. Irkutsk, Radian Publ., 2005, pp. 120–122. (in Russ.)

Lozei R. J., Nomokonova T. Yu., Saveliev N. A. Radiouglerodnoe datirovanie i fauna mnogosloinoi stoyanki Buguldeika II na Baikale (po materialam raskopok 2006–2008 gg.) [Radiocarbon dating and fauna of the Buguldeika II site from the Lake Baikal (excavations of 2006–2008)]. Izvestiya Irkutskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. Seriya Geoarkheologiya. Etnologiya. Antropologiya [The Bulletin of the Irkutsk State University. Series Geoarhaeology. Ethnology. Anthropology]. 2014, Vol. 7, pp. 18–36. (in Russ.)

Nomokonova T., Losey R. J., Goriunova O. I., Weber A. W. A freshwater old carbon offset in Lake Baikal, Siberia and problems with the radiocarbon dating of archaeological sediments: Evidence from the Sagan-Zaba II site. Quaternary International, 2013, Vol. 290–291, pp. 110–125.

Nomokonova T, Losey R. J., Goriunova O. I., Novikov A. G., Weber A. W. A 9,000 year history of Seal Hunting on Lake Baikal, Siberia: The Zooarchaeology of Sagan-Zaba II. PLoS One. 2015, Is. 10 (5). DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0128314

Novikov A. G., Novoseltseva V. M., Klementiev A. M. Novye mnogosloinye stoyanki v bukhte Aya na Baikale (po materialam raskopok 2014 g.) [New multilayer sites in the Aya Bay of the Lake Baikal (Based on excavations of 2014)]. Izvestiya Irkutskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. Seriya Geoarkheologiya. Etnologiya. Antropologiya [The Bulletin of the Irkutsk State University. Series Geoarhaeology. Ethnology. Anthropology]. 2016, Vol. 15, pp. 3–22. (in Russ.)

Saveliev N. A. Neolit yuga srednei Sibiri (istoriya osnovnykh idei i sovremennoe sostoyanie problemy) [The Neolithic of the South of Middle Siberia (history of the basic ideas and current state of the problem). Cand. of histor. sci. syn. diss.]. Novosibirsk, 1989, 25 p. (in Russ.)

Semenov S. A. Razvitie tekhniki v kamennom veke [Development of the Stone Age technology]. Leningrad, Nauka Publ., 1968, 363 p. (in Russ.)

Turkin G. V. Otchet po rezultatam provedeniya rabot po sokhraneniyu chasti obiekta arkheologicheskogo naslediya – dostoprimechatelnogo mesta “Elgazur – Ust-Anga”, raspolozhennogo v granitsakh zemelnykh uchastkov v mestnosti Ust-Anga na territorii Olkhonskogo raiona Irkutskoi oblasti [A report on the results of work on the conservation of the archaeological heritage object – a cultural heritage site "Elgazur – Ust Anga", located within the borders land plots in the area Ust Anga in the territory of Olkhon district, Irkutsk region]. Arkhiv Tsentra sokhraneniya kulturnogo naslediya [Archive of the Preservation of Cultural Heritage Center]. Irkutsk, 2012, Is. 1890/n, 15 p., 49 fig. (in Russ.)

Vorobieva G. A. Pochva kak letopis prirodnykh sobytii Pribaikaliya: problemy evolyutsii i klassifikatsii pochv [Soil as a record of natural events Cis-Baikal region: problems of evolution and classification of soils]. Irkutsk, ISU Publ., 2010, 205 p. (in Russ.)


Full text (russian)