«BULLETIN OF THE IRKUTSK STATE UNIVERSITY. GEOARCHAEOLOGY, ETHNOLOGY, AND ANTHROPOLOGY SERIES»
ISSN 2227-2380 (Print)

List of issues > «Geoarchaeology, Ethnology, and Anthropology Series». 2018. Vol. 25

Planigraphic Context of Archaeological Materials from Layer 3 of Ustie Reki Kutarei Site in the Northern Angara Region

Author(s)
A. N. Chekha
Abstract

This paper contains planigraphic analyses of archaeological materials from layer 3 of Ustie Reki Kutarei site (Northern Angara region). The purpose of this study is to identify the concentration of individual ceramic groups and their correlation with previously studied stone industry using technical and typological analysis. Ustie Reki Kutarei site is located on the left bank of Angara river (15 km downstream of Kezhma village), on the right bank of the mouth of Kutarei river. It was found in 1974 by N. I. Drozdov party. Hereafter the site was investigated in 2008 and in 2010 by party of Institute of Archaeology and Ethnography SB RAS (under the direction of A. N. Savin). Firstly, it was determined as Neolithic site, but as a result of excavations in 2010 three cultural horizons dated from Neolithic to the Middle Ages were revealed. In the context of problems connected with investigating of Northern Angara region (open sites, difficult stratigraphy situation, high degree of anthropogenic destruction) materials from the layer 3 are the most perspective due to the presence of numerous artifacts and a minimum destruction. Considering the bedding character of archaeological materials in this layer two horizons were contingently distinguished. With planigraphic analyses we identified in horizon 1 two complexes – Neolithic and mixed. Horizon 1 is more saturated of stone tools forms as retouching bladelets, points, oval bifaces, massive forms as polished adzes, chopping axes, and bits. At the same time, in the horizon 2 industry these forms are practically not presented. Horizon 1 connected with Ust-Belaya, Posolskaya and textile ceramics with some thin roller and Tsepan ceramics. Horizon 2 connected only with Neolithic textile ceramics. Some stone artifacts may be identifying as more late: axe with polished working edge, Tsepan type of point, bit, 10 blanks of oval bifaces, 3 oval straight point. In general, the stone industry of layer 3 has features characteristic of the Neolithic and Paleometal Age of Northern Angara region. In this situation for cultural and chronological identifying it seems perspective to compare these materials with other Kutarei river sites (Senkin Kamen, Ruchei Povarnyi, Gora Kutarei) and neighboring territories.

About the Authors

Chekha Anna Nikolaevna, Engineer Researcher, Institute of Archaeology and Ethnography SB RAS; 17, Acad. Lavrentiev av., Novosibirsk, 630090, Russian Federation, e-mail: cheha.anna@yandex.ru

For citation

Chekha A. N. Planigraphic Context of Archaeological Materials from Layer 3 of Ustie Reki Kutarei Site in the Northern Angara Region. Bulletin of the Irkutsk State University. Geoarchaeology, Ethnology, and Anthropology Series. 2018, Vol. 25, pp. 36–61. https://doi.org/10.26516/2227-2380.2018.25.36 (in Russ.)

Keywords
Northern Angara region, Ustie Reki Kutarei site, Neolithic, Paleometal Age, stone tools, ceramic complexes
UDC
902.01 (571.53/55)
DOI
https://doi.org/10.26516/2227-2380.2018.25.36
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