«BULLETIN OF THE IRKUTSK STATE UNIVERSITY. GEOARCHAEOLOGY, ETHNOLOGY, AND ANTHROPOLOGY SERIES»
ISSN 2227-2380 (Print)

List of issues > «Geoarchaeology, Ethnology, and Anthropology Series». 2018. Vol. 25

Paleodemographic Characteristic of the Old-time Population of Omsk Cis-Irtysh Region in 17th–18th Centuries (on the Materials of Izyuk 1 Site)

Author(s)
A. V. Yuzhakova
Abstract

This paper presents some methodological inconsistencies in using of life (mortality) tables in the paleodemographic researches. Despite the large number of articles on paleodemography, in this research field there are problems that need to be resolved, as well as certain gaps that need to be developed. Analysis of the methodological techniques used in the paleodemographic articles and their abandonment due to inaccurate conceptual definitions (for example, the average age of death and life expectancy). Moreover, age cohorts that don’t reflect ontogenetic development and other aspects contradictory encouraged to search application to the analysis of sex and age structure of paleopopulations’s basic demographic indicators. Paper deals with an analysis of paleodemographic structure of the old-time population of Siberia in the 17th–18th centuries. Materials for the study were primary determinations of the sex and age of individuals from the Izyuk 1 burial ground, made by A. N. Bagashev and A. L. Antonov. Analysis of the frame’s sex and age of the Siberia old-time population showed that the series can be characterized as a large percentage of infant mortality, more than half of which falls within the category of Natus (newborns) and the low percentage of deaths in adolescence. The peak of mortality across men is in the category Maturus II (45–55 years). The peak of mortality across women is in the categories Juvenilis II (20–25 years) and Adultus (25–35 years). Average age of death without infant mortality is about 35 years, for men is 38 years, for women is 33 years. In addition, a high percentage of infant mortality, which may well indicate a high birth rate, as well as an indicator of the average age of death within 40 years, show a fairly high level of adaptation of the population to environmental conditions. Materials were taken for comparison from the territory of Siberia (a group of the Ayali Tatars) and from the territory of European Russia (materials from the Rostislavl, Moscow and Pskov city cemeteries). Intergroup analysis showed that the population that left the Izyuk 1 burial ground does not detect large differences in the main demographic indicators. The data obtained represents certain features of the paleodemographic processes that proceeded in the Omsk Cis-Irtysh region in the 17th–18th centuries, at least against the background of the comparative materials involved.

About the Authors

Yuzhakova Alyona Vladimirovna, Junior Researcher, Tomsk State University; 36, Lenin av., Tomsk, 634050, Russian Federation, e-mail: ejara.ru@mail.ru

For citation

Yuzhakova A. V. Paleodemographic Characteristic of the Old-time Population of Omsk Cis-Irtysh Region in 17th–18th Centuries (on the Materials of Izyuk 1 site). Bulletin of the Irkutsk State University. Geoarchaeology, Ethnology, and Anthropology Series. 2018, Vol. 25, pp. 162–175. https://doi.org/10.26516/2227-2380.2018.25.162 (in Russ.)

Keywords
Omsk Cis-Irtysh region, Russian population of Siberia, Izyuk 1 burial ground, paleodemography
UDC
314(571.13)(091)
DOI
https://doi.org/10.26516/2227-2380.2018.25.162
References

Acsadi Gy., Nemeskeri J. History of human life span and mortality. Budapest, Akademiai Kaido, 1970, 350 p. 

Alekseev V. P. Paleodemografiya SSSR [Paleodemography USSR]. Sovetskaya arkheologiya [Soviet Archaeology]. 1972, Is. 1, pp. 3–20. (In Russ.)

Alekseev V. P. Istoricheskaya antropologiya [Historical Anthropology]. Moscow, 1979, 216 p. (In Russ.)

Alekseev V. P. Ocherki ekologii cheloveka: Uchebnoe posobie [An outline of human ecology: textbook]. Moscow, 1998, 232 p. (In Russ.)

Alekseev V. P. Demografiya i etnicheskaya situatsiya [Demography and ethnical situation]. Alekseev V. P., Artemova O. Yu., Kubbel L. E., Pershits A. I., Petrukhin V. Ya., Fainberg L. A., Frolov B. A., Shnirelman V. A. Istoriya pervobytnogo obshchestva. Epokha klassoobrazovaniya [History of primitive society. The age of formation classes]. Moscow, 1988, pp. 294–344. (In Russ.)

Angel J. L. The bases of paleodemography. American Journal of Physical Anthropology. 1969, No 30, pp. 427–438.

Balabanova M. A. Polovozrastnaya struktura i demograficheskie pokazateli sarmatskogo naseleniya Nizhnego Povolzhiya [The sex-age structure and demographic characteristics of the Sarmatian population in the Lower Volga region]. Polovozrastnaya struktura sarmatskogo naseleniya Nizhnego Povolzhiya: pogrebalnaya obryadnost i antropologiya [The sex-age structure of the Sarmatian population in the Lower Volga region: burial ritual and anthropology]. Volgograd, 2015, pp. 116–145. (In Russ.)

Bogatenkov D. V. Paleodemografiya Mistikhali [Paleodemography of Mistikhaly]. Alekseeva T. I., Bogatenkov D. V., Lebedinskaya G. V. Vlakhi. Antropo-ekologicheskoe issledovanie (po materialam srednevekovogo nekropolya Mistikhali) [Alekseeva T. I., Bogatenkov D. V., Lebedinskaya G. V. Vlakhi. Anthropo-ecological investigation (on materials of a medieval necropolis Mistikhaly)]. Moscow, 2003, pp. 19–49. (In Russ.)

Borisov V. A. Demografiya. Uchebnik dlya studentov VUZov [Demography. Textbook for higher education]. Moscow, 2001, 272 p. (In Russ.)

Dubova N. A., Kufterin V. V. Antropologiya naseleniya Yuzhnogo Uzbekistana epokhi pozdnei bronzy (po materialam nekropolya Buston VI) [Anthropology of the Late Bronze Age Population of Southern Uzbekistan (Materials of the Buston VI Necropolis)]. Moscow, 2015, 186 p. (In Russ.) 

Kharlashov B. N. Arkheologicheskie raskopki tserkvi Ioanna Milostivogo v Pskove [Archaeological excavation of Ioann Milostiviy’s church in Pskov]. Arkheologiya i istoriya Pskova i Pskovskoi zemli [Archaeology and History of Pskov and Pskov’s territory]. Pskov, 2009, pp. 187–197. (In Russ.)

Kharlashov B. N. Petrovskii 4 raskop [Petrovsk excavation number 4]. Arkheologiya i istoriya Pskova i Pskovskoi zemli [Archaeology and History of Pskov and Pskov’s territory]. Pskov, 2003, pp. 5–18. (In Russ.)

Khodzhaiov T. K., Gromov A. V. Paleodemografiya Srednei Azii [Paleodemography of Central Asia]. Moscow, 2009, 351 p. (In Russ.)

Krikh A. A. Etnicheskaya istoriya russkogo naseleniya Srednego Priirtyshiya (XVII–XX veka) [The Ethnic history of Russian population in the Middle Cis-Irtysh region (XVII–XX centuries)]. Omsk, 2012, 296 p. (In Russ.)

Kvasha A. Ya. Chto takoe demografiya? [What is demography?]. Moscow, 1985, 126 p. (In Russ.)

Molodin V. I. Kresty-telniki Ilimskogo ostroga [Pectoral Crosses of Ilimsk Fortress]. Novosibirsk, Infolio Publ., 2007, 248 p. (In Russ.)

Pezhemsky D. V. Opredelenie biologicheskogo vozrasta v paleoantropologii i problema vozrastnykh intervalov [Determination of biological age in paleoanthropology and problem of age categories]. V Kongress etnografov i antropologov Rossii. Tezisy Dokladov [5th Congress of ethnographers and anthropologists of Russia. Thesis of reports]. Omsk, 2003, p. 255. (In Russ.)

Pezhemsky D. V. Polovozrastnaya struktura naseleniya Pskovskogo kontsa srednevekovogo Pskova [The sex-age structure of the Pskov population of Medieval Pskov]. Arkheologiya i istoriya Pskova i Pskovskoi zemli [Archaeology and History of Pskov and Pskov’s territory]. Pskov, 2010, pp. 47–55. (In Russ.)

Reis T. M., Reis E. S. Paleodemograficheskaya kharakteristika naseleniya Krasnoyarskogo ostroga po materialam Pokrovskogo nekropolya (XVII–XVIII vv.) [Paleodemographic characteristic of the population of the Krasnoyarsk fortress on the materials of Pokrovsk necropolis (XVII–XVIII Centuries)]. Drevnie kultury Mongolii i Baikalskoi Sibiri [Ancients cultures of Mongolia and Baikal Siberia]. Irkutsk, 2011, pp. 555–560. (In Russ.)

Schwidetzky I. Bemerkungen zur Geschlechtsdiagnose am Schädel. Wissenschaftliche Zeitschrift der Humboldt–Univ. Berlin. Math.-naturwiss. 1969, No 18, pp. 965–967. (In German)

Shirobokov I. G. Vliyanie faktora sokhrannosti na paleodemograficheskuyu kharakteristiku (na primere grupp russkogo naseleniya XVII–XVIII vv.) [The impact of the preservation factor on the paleodemographic characteristic (on the example Russian groups in XVII–XVIII centuries)]. Piles of bones: paleoantropologiya, bioarkheologiya, paleogenetika. Materialy Vserossiiskoi nauchno-prakticheskoi konferentsii s mezhdunarodnym uchastiem, posvyashchennoi 90-letiyu I. I. Gokhmana [Piles of bones: Paleoanthropology, Bioarchaeology, Paleogenetics. Materials of the All-Russian scientific-practical conference with international participation dedicated to the 90th anniversary of I. I. Gokhmana]. St. Petersburg, 2018, pp. 182–188. (In Russ.)

Tataurova L. V. Arkheologiya o kulture russkikh Omskogo Priirtyshiya [Archaeology about the culture of Russian Omsk Cis-Irtysh region]. Russkie starozhily. Materialy III Sibirskogo simpoziuma «Kulturnoe nasledie narodov Zapadnoi Sibiri» [Russian old-time population. Materials of the 3rd Siberian symposium «Cultural heritage of the peoples of Siberia»]. Tobolsk, Omsk, 2000, pp. 421–423. (In Russ.)

Tataurova L. V. Pogrebalnyi obryad russkikh Srednego Priirtyshiya XVII–XIX vv. Po materialam kompleksa Izyuck–I [The Mid Pre-Irtysh burial ritual of the Russians in the XVII–XIX centuries on the complex materials Ezuck–I]. Omsk, 2010, 284 p. (In Russ.)

Volgin N. A., Rybakovskii L. L. (eds.). Demografiya. Uchebnik dlya VUZov [Demography. Textbook for higher education]. Moscow, 2005, 280 p. (In Russ.)

Weiss K. Demographic models for anthropology. Society for American Archaeology. Memoirs 27. American Antiquity. 1973, Vol. 38, 187 p.

Yuzhakova A. V. Paleodemografiya naseleniya lesostepnogo Priirtyshiya XVII–XVIII vv. (mogilnik Cheplyarovo 27) [Paleodemography Population Forest-Steppe Cis-Irtysh in XVII–XVIII Centuries (Cheplyarovo 27 Burial Ground)]. Vestnik Tomskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. Istoriya [Journal of Tomsk State University. History]. 2016, Is. 5 (43), pp. 169–174. (In Russ.)


Full text (russian)