«BULLETIN OF THE IRKUTSK STATE UNIVERSITY. GEOARCHAEOLOGY, ETHNOLOGY, AND ANTHROPOLOGY SERIES»
ISSN 2227-2380 (Print)

List of issues > «Geoarchaeology, Ethnology, and Anthropology Series». 2018. Vol. 26

Neolithic Pottery of the Multilayered Site Gorelyi Les (South Angara Region)

Author(s)
N. A. Saveliev, I. V. Ulanov
Abstract

The focus in the Neolithic study at the South of Central Siberia in recent decades has been on the multilayered sites where artifacts occur in buried soils that have accumulated over a short period and are separated from other soils by sterile layers of sand. One of such objects is the Gorelyi Les site that located in the Belaya river’s middle flow. Excavations on the site were carried out in different years from 1971–2002. Until now, the materials of these works were published incompletely. In this paper, the Neolithic ceramic collection of the Gorelyi Les site is present. Neolithic ceramics was found in the layers 6, 5a, 5, and 4. Layers 6 and 5a belong to the Early Neolithic (14С age ~7100–5400 BP) and here Net-impressed (fragments from 19 vessels) and Khaita ceramic type with cord impressions (fragments from 23 vessels) were found. The prints of the net have a different character, which depends on the structure, size of the net and methods of application. Also fixed some fragments with the cloth impressions. On one of the Net-impressed vessel there is a unique relief image presumably of the head of animal. Khaita vessels were made by knocking with using a mallet, wrapped with a cord. Small vessels or fragments were used as anvils. When a new vessel was knocked out, they were applied from the inside. Both groups of the Early Neolithic pottery demonstrate morphological and technological similarities. Layer 5 dated back to the Middle Neolithic (14С age 5700–4800 BP). Fragments from 11 Posolskaya vessels were found here, as well as fragments from a Net-impressed vessel, decorated by oval stamps. Traces of knocking out by carved mallet or smooth walls are characteristic of the Posolskaya ceramics of Gorelyi Les. The typological identity of the Net-impressed vessel is not defined, but it close to the Ust-Belaya and Aplinskii types. Layer 4 dates back to the Late Neolithic (14С age ~4500 BP). Here a whole vessel of the Ust-Belaya type was found. The correlation of the data obtained for Gorelyi Les with the materials of other sites on the Belaya river evidence that the carriers of different pottery traditions divided the territory. In the Belaya river’s middle flow on the Gorelyi Les site, the Net-impressed and Khaita pottery traditions coexist, and Posolskaya tradition is dominated in Middle Neolithic. Ust-Belaya ceramics is fixed in single case.

About the Authors

Saveliev Nikolai Aleksandrovich, Candidate of Sciences (History), Associate Professor, Researcher, Scientific Research Center “Baikal region”, Irkutsk State University; 1, K. Marx st., Irkutsk, 664003, Russian Federation, e-mail: archeolog@inbox.ru 

Ulanov Ilia Viktorovich, Trainee Researcher, Scientific Research Center “Baikal region”, Irkutsk State University; 1, K. Marx st., Irkutsk, 664003, Russian Federation, e-mail: ussr-ilya@yandex.ru

For citation

Saveliev N. A., Ulanov I. V. Neolithic Pottery of the Multilayered site Gorelyi Les (South Angara Region). Bulletin of the Irkutsk State University. Geoarchaeology, Ethnology, and Anthropology Series. 2018, Vol. 26, pp. 46–85. https://doi.org/10.26516/2227-2380.2018.26.46 (in Russ.)

Keywords
Southern Angara region, Gorelyi Les site, Neolithic, early pottery, stratigraphy, radiocarbon dating
UDC
903.02(571.53)"634"
DOI
https://doi.org/10.26516/2227-2380.2018.26.46
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