Nadezhda Vladimirovna Briullova-Shaskolskaya (1889–1937), the Scientist (Revolutionary Socialist) from Leningrad and her days of the Exile in Ashgabat
In this article, the questions connected with life and activity of one of heads of party of Revolutionary Socialists, scientist Nadezhda Vladimirovna Briullova-Shaskolskaya (1889–1937) who in the 1920s was in exile in Central Asia are revealed. Before, in 1917 she acted as the basic lecturer at the 3rd congress of the Revolutionary Socialists Party on an ethnic question, and at the 4th congress – on the federal device. During the days of the Exile, she lived in Ashgabat, in Tashkent. As the ethnologist, she pursued science and participated in ethnographic expeditions. She headed in April-June of 1926 the expedition to the Kerki dis-trict, organized by the Turkmen Scientific Research Institute. By studying of ethnography of the Turkmen people, that work got the support from the chair of the government of the Re-public K. S. Atabaiev. She worked together with G. I. Karpov, A. Gulmuhammedov and some other representatives of local scientific intelligence. Her articles were entiteled «Breeding and patrimonial structure of the Turkmens» (1927), «Vestiges of ancient forms of a family and marriage of the Turkmens» (1928), etc.. Based on the collected ethnographic materials, they have been published on in the local scientific periodical press of that period. The text of her small work «Patrimonial divisions the Turkmens» was published in Ashgabat in 1927.