Little Glacial Age. Part 2. Heliophysical and Climatic Aspects
K. G. Levi, V. I. Voronin, N. V. Zadonina, S. A. Yazev
There is presented the analysis of natural and climatic environments because of changing of heliophysical parameters that were established in Europe and known as the Little Glacial Age. Previously it was thought that its appearance is connected with Grand Maunder minimum of solar activity in the period 1645–1715. However, a comprehensive analysis of natural and climatic environments showed that this phenomenon was more characteristic of Europe than other areas and was due to complex reasons. Such large-scale offensive, but temporal variability of cooling as the Little Glacial Age was caused by the development of a specific set of atmospheric and hydrosphere processes developed under the direct influence of long-term variations in solar activity, including Maunder grand-minimum was only a single episode. Correct to call this period the «Little Glacial Age in Europe», which although wore a global character, but more clearly manifested in the territory is Western Europe, where there is a clear contrast climatic conditions. The advent of large-scale cooling was caused by the development of specific atmospheric and hydrosphere processes that were coincided with the Maunder grand-minimum just in time.
Little Glacial Age, solar activity, Gulfstream, dendrochronology,