Geoarchaeological Complexes of Early Holocene in the South of Middle Siberia. Data evaluation and research prospects
I. M. Berdnikov, N. E. Berdnikova, G. A. Vorobieva, E. O. Rogowskoy, A. M. Klement'ev, I. V. Ulanov, D. N. Lokhov, S. P. Dudarek, V. M. Novoseltseva, N. B. Sokolova
In the south of Middle Siberia there are several dozens of locations that contain the materials of Early Holocene age. The concentration of the studying objects is fixed in South and North Angara, on the Upper Lena, in Western and Northern Baikal, in Kansk-Rybinsk Basin. We analyzed the materials and available information of the 61 sites. The most common types of deposits of the Early Holocene complexes in the region are subaerial overburden, the most informative – layered subaerial and subaqueous-subaerial sediments with a series of pronounced humus horizons. We scheduled tentatively the cultural and technological trends of variability in time. Chronological framework of the Early Holocene in the south of Central Siberia can be set in the range ~10 300–7300 BP (14C) or ~11 7000–8200 cal BP. The question of the detailed design of climatic variations remains is open. For solving the urgent problems in the context of the study of Holocene cultures south of Middle Siberia we need to make an interdisciplinary correlation of data within the general studies.
South of Middle Siberia, periodization, chronometry, paleoclimatic conditions, the early Holocene, hunter-gatherer cultures, cultural and technological variability, archae-ozoological study