«BULLETIN OF THE IRKUTSK STATE UNIVERSITY. GEOARCHAEOLOGY, ETHNOLOGY, AND ANTHROPOLOGY SERIES»
ISSN 2227-2380 (Print)

List of issues > «Geoarchaeology, Ethnology, and Anthropology Series». 2016. Vol. 18

History of Anthropological Research of Baikal Siberia

Author(s)
A. I. Buraev
Abstract
This article summarizes the results of the anthropological studies of Baikal Siberia. The urgency of this work is presently determined by the intensification of genetic investigations in the region. It justifies the necessity to use paleoanthropological data in studying ethnocultural processes. In the article are defined the major results achieved by the founder of anthropology Yu. D. Talko-Grintsevich. Special attention is given to the role of G. F. Debets in putting and solving debatable problems of ethnic history of Cis-Baikal and Transbaikal regions in the epoch of Neolithic and Middle Ages. The article points out the merits of M. M. Gerasimov in the sphere of anthropological examination of Fofanovo burial ground in Buryatia as well as in the field of popularization anthropological knowledge by means of creating plastic reconstructions of the appearance of ancient inhabitants of Circumbaikal. Than the author gives consideration to the justification of M. G. Levin`s hypothesis of the presence of European adinixture in ancient population of Cis-Baikal and his investigating the genesis of Baikal and Central-Asian populations. The essential part of I. I. Gokhman in paleoanthropological studies of Baikal Siberia is determined. He investigated all craniological materials from the epoch of Neolithic to Middle Ages. The author points out contribution N. N. Mamonova`s significant to the investigation of anthropological peculiarities of the region’s population oh the epoch of Neolithic, Xiongnu`s period and the Middle Ages. In the basis of original materials and the author’s investigations have been defined the main characteristics of developing anthropological studies in Baikal Siberia on the current stage. The author concludes that migrations play the defining part in forming anthropological population’s composition of the region in preserving strong homeostatic tendencies. The data of modern foreign and Russian researchers on a craniology, osteology and a paleogenetic of the region are also considered in the article.
Keywords
Anthropology, Baikal Siberia, Circumbaikal, Neolithic, Bronze Age, Xiongnu, Middle Ages, Central-Asian race, Baikal race, miscegenation, migration
UDC
572(571.5)
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