«BULLETIN OF THE IRKUTSK STATE UNIVERSITY. GEOARCHAEOLOGY, ETHNOLOGY, AND ANTHROPOLOGY SERIES»
ISSN 2227-2380 (Print)

List of issues > «Geoarchaeology, Ethnology, and Anthropology Series». 2016. Vol. 17

Folklore of the Russian Diaspora of Three River Region (Sanhe Qu) as the Basis of the Ethnicity Preservation

Author(s)
А. А. Zabiyako, А. P. Zabiyako, Ya. V. Zinenko, Zhang Ruyang
Abstract
The article based on the materials of field researches of Russian-speaking diaspora of Three River Region (Sanhe Qu), Inner Mongolia, China conducted in 2015–2016, and is concerned with the ethno-cultural strategies of Russian identity preservation in the Chinese environment. The authors conclude that for this ethnic group (official Russian ethnic group of China) language and folklore are the most important factors of preserving Russian identity. Folklore used to carry out the mission of fixing, preservation and transmission of the historical memory and main ideas of Russian culture within the Russian diaspora of Three River Region that had not have access to education, church life, and ideology of the exodus country. Previously unknown folklore texts (lyrical songs, nursery rhymes, folk songs, folk stories, fairy tales) and the texts previously prevailing in the territories of Transbaikalia, East Siberia, and now preserved only among the Russian population of Three River Region are published and analyzed in the article. Special features of the folklore of Russian diaspora in the Chinese Three River Region are, on the one hand, the current existence of their archaic variants, on the other – appearance of the other-cultural (Chinese, Mongolian) motives and images. Despite the other-cultural component, Russian folklore showed the flexibility, vitality, and resistance to foreign cultural influences, habitual to its rich nature. Functioning on the «grassroots level» (in everyday life and within the families of the inhabitants of Three River Region) it withstood the pressure of the «cultural revolution» and other political campaigns that exploded some other, more strongly marked, foundations of the way of life of Russians in Three River Region – school education, church orthodoxy, etc.
Keywords
migrations, Three River Region (Sanhe Qu), China, ethnography, language, folklore, ethnicity
UDC
392.311+398.93
References

Argudyaeva Yu. V. Russkie kazaki-zabaikaltsy v Severo-Vostochnom Kitae [Russian Cossacks-transbaikalian in North-Eastern China]. Rossiya i Kitai na dalnevostochnykh rubezhakh. Istoricheskii opyt vzaimodeistviya kultur [Russia and China on far Eastern frontiers. Historical experience of interaction of cultures]. Blagoveshchensk, Amur State University Publ., 2015, Is. 11, pp. 152–169. (in Russ.)

Arii, romansy i pesni iz repertuara E. V. Shumskoi [Noty]: dlya soprano v soprovozhdenii fortepiano [Arias, romances and songs from the repertoire of E. V. Shumskaya [Sheet music]: for soprano and piano]. Moscow, Muzyka Publ., 1979, pp. 93–94. (in Russ.)

Chuikov V. I. Missiya v Kitae [Mission in China]. Moscow, Voenizdat Publ., 1983, 252 p. (in Russ.)

Den russkoi skorbi [The day of Russian sorrow]. Gun-Bao [Gun-Bao]. 15 October 1929, Is. 848, pp. 1. (in Russ.)

Dong Xian Rui, Yan Guang Qing. Er gu na e luo si zu. Er gu na, Lang man zhi cheng xi lie cong shu bian wei hui, 2013, 321 p. (in Chin.)

Final tragedii Trekhrechiya. Pokhorony 27 rasstrelyannykh zhitelei poselka Tynykhe [The final tragedy of Trekhrechiye. Funeral 27 shot villagers of village Tynykhe]. Rubezh [Frontier]. 1930, Is. 21, pp. 5. (in Russ.)

Klyaus V. L. «Russkoe Trekhrechiye» Manchzhurii. Ocherki folklora i traditsionnoi kultury ["Russian Trekhrechiye" of Manchuria. Essays on folklore and traditional culture]. Moscow, IWL RAS Publ., 2015, 416 p. (in Russ.)

Kormazov V. A. Barga: Ekonomicheskii ocherk [Barga: Economic essay]. Kharbin, The Chinese Eastern railway Publ., 1928, 328 p. (in Russ.)

Krovavye sobytiya v Trekhrechiye [The bloody events in Trekhrechiye]. Rubezh [Frontier]. 1929, Is. 43, pp. 11. (in Russ.)

Mishka kosolapyi. Russkie narodnye pesenki i poteshki [Bear Bruin. Russian folk songs and nursery rhymes]. Moscow, Strekoza Publ., 2008, 35 p. (in Russ.)

Ovsyannikov N. Dolgie stranstviya odesskoi panamy [The long journey of Odessa Panama]. Alef [Alef]. 23 June 2015, URL : www.alefmagazine.com/pub4075.html (date of access 28.08.2016)

Qing Jue. En he cun diao cha. Beijing, Zhong guo jing ji chu ban she, 2011, 430 p. (in Chin.)

Russkie [Russian]. Responsible editors V. A. Aleksandrov, I. V. Vlasov, N. S. Polishchuk. Moscow, Nauka Publ., 2005, 828 p. (Narody i kultury [Peoples and cultures]. (in Russ.)

Selivanov F. Narodnaya liricheskaya poeziya poslednego stoletiya [Folk lyrical poetry of the last century]. Chastushki [Ditty]. Moscow, Soviet Pussia Publ., 1990, 656 p. (Biblioteka russkogo folklore T. 9 [A Library of Russian folklore contains Vol. 9]). (in Russ.)

Svechin A. A. Strategiya [Strategy]. Moscow, Voennyi vestnik Publ., 1927, 265 p. (in Russ.)

Tarasov A. P. Russkaya natsionalnaya volost Enkhe v Barge: poisk russkimi svoei natsionalnoi identichnosti v prigranichnom Kitae [Russian national volost Enkhe in Barga: search Russian of their national identity in the border China]. Obshchestvo i gosudarstvo v Kitae [State and society in China]. Moscow, IOS Publ., 2014, Vol. XLIV, part 2, pp. 187–208. (in Russ.)

Zabiyako A. A. Mentalnost dalnevostochnogo frontira. Kultura i literatura russkogo Kharbina [The mentality of the far Eastern frontier. Culture and literature of the Russian Harbin]. Novosibirsk, SB RAS Publ., 2016, 437 p. (in Russ.)

Zabiyako A. A., Efendieva G. V. Mezh dvukh mirov. Russkie pisateli v Manchzhurii [Between two Worlds. Russian writers in Manchuria]. Blagoveshchensk, Amur State University Publ., 2009, 361 p. (in Russ.)

Zabiyako A. A., Zabiyako A. P. Folklor kak osnova sokhraneniya russkoi identichnosti v kitaiskoi srede (po materialam Trekhrechiya) [Folklore as a basis for the preservation of Russian identity in the Chinese environment (on materials of Trekhrechiye)]. 2015, URL: http://emigrantologia.uni.opole.pl/ru/czasopismo-online/ (date of access 15.10.2016)

Zabiyako A. A., Zabiyako A. P. Russkie Trekhrechiya: folklor kak osnova sokhraneniya identichnosti v kitaiskoi srede [Russian of Trekhrechiye: folklore as a basis of identity in the Chinese environment]. Problemy Dalnego Vostoka [Problems of the Far East]. 2016, Is. 2, pp. 160–172. (in Russ.)

Zabiyako A. A., Zabiyako A. P., Levoshko S. S., Khisamutdinov A. A. Russkii Kharbin: opyt zhiznestroitelstva v usloviyakh dalnevostochnogo frontira [Russian Harbin: construction experience life in the Far Eastern frontier]. Blagoveshchensk, Amur State University Publ., 2015, 462 p. (in Russ.)

Zhang Xiao Bin. Nei meng gu e luo si zu. Hailar, Nei meng gu wen hua chu ban she, 2015, 398 p. (in Chin.)

Zinoviev V. P. Bylichka kak zhanr folklora i ee sovremennye vidy [Bylichka as a genre of folklore and its modern types]. Mifologicheskie rasskazy russkogo naseleniya Vostochnoi Sibiri [Mythological stories of the Russian population of Eastern Siberia]. Novosibirsk, Nauka Publ., 1987, pp. 381–400. (in Russ.)


Full text (russian)